Do your gums bleed?
Do your teeth move or have they changed positions?
Do you have bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth?
Gingivitis and Periodontitis
Are periodontal diseases that occur in about 75% of the population.
GINGIVITIS WHAT IS IT?
It is inflammation of the gums, or gingiva, caused by bacterial plaque. It is very frequent and painless.
The entire population is at risk of gingivitis if they are not effective in removing plaque from the oral cavity.
The occurrence of gingivitis is more frequent and harmful during pregnancy and puberty, in multi-morbidity patients, with dental prostheses or poorly adapted rehabilitations.
When untreated it can lead to periodontitis.
what is Periodontitis?
It is a chronic disease. Irreversible destruction of dental support tissues.
It leads to the loss of teeth, which can affect the entire adult dentition.
It is more common in smokers, diabetics, patients with cardiovascular disease and it can be a risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease.
Recent studies show that periodontitis can lead to more diabetes complications.
Why should periodontal diseases be treated?
When untreated, they rapidly progress to a situation where there is irreversible loss of tooth support, gingiva, periodontal ligament, and bone.
Early treatment prevents the need for placement of dental implants and bone grafts.
Controlling a chronic infection is critical to maintain the overall health. When untreated it leads to dental mobility, changes in tooth position and abscesses.
May cause bad breath and tooth sensitivity.
May increase the risk of carious lesions. Can lead to uncontrolled systemic diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
How should they be treated?
Correct diagnosis through a periodontal evaluation is essential to the establishment of an individualised and targeted treatment plan for each patient.
An initial phase is intended to control the bacterial plaque and the patient is instructed on how to maintain a better oral hygiene.
Consultations with a Dentist and Oral Hygienist are aimed to preventing periodontal diseases, tooth loss and restoring oral health.
Treatment begins with the removal of bacterial plaque and dental calculus by scaling, root planing, polishment of dental surfaces and application of fluoride to prevent carious lesions and reduction of tooth sensitivity.
After this phase, it will be determined if there is a need for complementary treatments, such as periodontal surgery to eliminate pockets, or mucogingival surgery to restore the aesthetics of your smile.
The European Federation of Periodontology recommends visiting a Dentist and Oral Hygienist twice a year with the aim of maintaining treatments already performed and to promote good oral hygiene habits.
Periodontal health for a long and healthy life.