Endodontics is the dental specialty that treats pulp pathology. The pulp tissue is responsible for the nutrition and sensitivity of the teeth. Dental pulp tissue injuries can arise from trauma, dental fractures, deep cavities, and/or severe wearing of the tooth.
When one is diagnosed with an irreversible infection or pulp necrosis, an endodontic treatment, commonly known as root canal therapy, is required. This type of treatment consists in obtaining access to the inside of the tooth, which enables for the preparation and disinfection of the pulp chamber and root canals to remove all dental pulp. This treatment is concluded by sealing the pulp channels to prevent the re-entry of bacteria.
The appointments necessary for endodontic treatment are planned accorinding to the diagnosis of periapical tissues.
Following an endodontic treatment, it is necessary to rehabilitate the tooth with a dental crown to restore its full occlusion and aesthetic fuction.